Urban Network Analysis, an open-source software released by MIT. Taking a cue from social networks and mathematical network analysis methods, the City Form Research Group‘s program calculates how a cities’ spatial layout affects the way people will live in it.
It measures traits such as “reach, gravity, betweenness, closeness, and straightness,” which, in laymen terms, express features such as the number of services, buildings, and resources within a certain walking distance, or the volume of traffic along sidewalks and streets. Designers can also assign characteristics to individual buildings, as well as track urban growth and change with analytic support for policy makers.
Read Full Story @ http://www.fastcoexist.com/1678493/mits-free-urban-planning-software-will-help-build-the-cities-of-the-future